1. The planet Venus, when appearing as the morning star; applied in Isaiah by a metaphor to a king of Babylon. "How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning ! how art thou cut down to the ground which didst weaken the nations !" (Is. Xiv. 12) "Tertullian and Gregory the Great understood this passage of Isaiah in reference to the fall of Satan; in consequence of which the name Lucifer has since been applied to, Satan." (Kitto)

2. Hence, Satan. "How wretched Is that poor man that hangs on princes' favors! . . . When he falls, he falls like Lucifer, Never to hope again." (Shak)

3. A match made of a sliver of wood tipped with a combustible substance, and ignited by friction; called also lucifer match, and locofoco. See Locofoco.

4. <zoology> A genus of free-swimming macruran Crustacea, having a slender body and long appendages.

Origin: L, bringing light, the morning star, fr. Lux, lucis, light + ferre to bring.

(01 Mar 1998)

Lucien Laroyenne, Lucien Lison, Lucien Pautrier < Prev | Next > luciferase, luciferases, luciferin

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