acute inflammatory polyneuropathy -->
acute idiopathic polyneuritis
medical dictionary

<neurology, syndrome> Acute infective polyneuritis that results in a form of peripheral neuropathy with temporary loss of movement and sensation due to inflammation of multiple nerves and loss of myelin.

The exact cause is unknown but has been associated with an abnormal immune response to viral infection, particularly cytomegalovirus infection, in which there is cell-mediated immunity to a component of myelin. The disease may be autoimmune in origin and complete recovery can take up to six months.

Synonyms: Guillain-Barre syndrome

(12 Jul 2000)