antibody-dependent enhancementmedical dictionary

Enhancement of viral infectivity caused by non-neutralizing antibodies. There are at least two mechanisms known to account for this: mediation by fc receptors (receptors, fc) or by complement receptors (receptors, complement). Either the virus is complexed with antiviral IgG and binds to fc receptors, or virus is coated with antiviral IgM and binds to complement receptors.

(12 Dec 1998)