artificial kidney -->
medical dictionary

A machine for haemodialysis in acute or chronic renal failure; toxic substances in the blood are removed by exposure to dialyzing fluid across a semipermeable membrane.

Synonyms: artificial kidney.

Ultrafiltration haemodialyzer, a haemodialyzer that uses fluid pressure differentials to bring about loss (usually) of protein-free fluid from the blood to the bath, as in certain oedematous conditions.

American spelling: hemodialyzer

(05 Mar 2000)