<biochemistry> A prosthetic group for carboxylase enzymes. Important in fatty acid biosynthesis and catabolism and has found widespread use as a covalent label for macromolecules which may then be detected by high affinity binding of labelled avidin or streptavidin. Essential growth factor for many cells.
This entry appears with permission from the Dictionary of Cell and Molecular Biology
(11 Mar 2008)
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