cerebrotendinous xanthomatosismedical dictionary

A disorder with deposition of cholestanol in the brain and other tissues and high levels in plasma but with normal cholesterol level; characterised by progressive cerebellar ataxia beginning after puberty, juvenile cataracts, spinal cord involvement, and tendinous or tuberous xanthomata; autosomal recessive inheritance. Probably due to a defect in hepatic mitochondrial 26-hydroxylase in bile acid biosynthesis.

Synonyms: cerebrotendinous cholesterinosis.

(05 Mar 2000)