compartment syndromemedical dictionary

<syndrome>

A group of symptoms which indicate a nerve, blood vessel or tendon is being constricted due to swelling within a closed anatomic space.

A compartment syndrome may occur in an extremity after trauma (fracture) or inflammation (carpal tunnel syndrome). Some medications can also precipitate this condition.

Symptoms include numbness, tingling, pain or loss of movement in an extremity. Surgery may be indicated if symptoms are severe or prolonged.

(05 Jan 1998)

compartment syndromesmedical dictionary

Conditions in which increased pressure within a limited space compromises the circulation and function of tissue within that space. Compartmentation involves mainly the leg but also involved are the forearm, arm, thigh, shoulder, and buttock. Some of the causes of increased pressure are trauma, tight dressings, haemorrhage, and exercise. Sequelae include nerve compression, paralysis, and contracture.

(12 Dec 1998)