1. <chemistry> A colourless crystalline substance, C4H6.(OH)4, of a sweet, cooling taste, extracted from certain lichens, and obtained by the decomposition of erythrin; called also erythrol, erythroglucin, erythromannite, pseudorcin, cobalt bloom, and under the name phycite obtained from the alga Protococcus vulgaris. It is a tetrabasic alcohol, corresponding to glycol and glycerin. Now usu. Called erythritol, HO.CH2.CHOH.CHOH.CH2.OH Has coronary vasodilator activity.

2. <chemical>

A rose-red mineral, crystallized and earthy, a hydrous arseniate of cobalt, known also as cobalt bloom; called also erythrin or erythrine.

Origin: Gr. Red.

(01 Mar 1998)

erythrina, erythrine, erythrism, erythristic < Prev | Next > erythritol, erythrityl tetranitrate, erythro-

Bookmark with: icon icon icon icon iconword visualiser Go and visit our forums Community Forums