1. A sole or supreme ruler; a sovereign; the highest ruler; an emperor, king, queen, prince, or chief. "He who reigns Monarch in heaven, . Upheld by old repute." (Milton)

2. One superior to all others of the same kind; as, an oak is called the monarch of the forest.

3. A patron deity or presiding genius. "Come, thou, monarch of the vine, Plumpy Bacchus." (Shak)

4. <zoology> A very large red and black butterfly (Danais Plexippus).

Synonyms: milkweed butterfly.

Origin: F. Monarque, L. Monarcha, fr. Gr,; alone + to be first, rule, govern. See Archi-.

(01 Mar 1998)

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