receptors, oxytocinmedical dictionary

Cell surface proteins that bind oxytocin with high affinity and trigger intracellular changes which influence the behaviour of cells. Oxytocin receptors in the uterus and the mammary glands mediate the hormone's stimulation of contraction and milk ejection. The presence of oxytocin and oxytocin receptors in neurones of the brain probably reflects an additional role as a neurotransmitter.

(12 Dec 1998)