<data, database design, computer programming> An ordered set of fields, usually stored contiguously. The term is used with similar meaning in several different contexts. In a file, a "record" probably has some fixed length, in contrast to a "line" which may have any length and is terminated by some End Of Line sequence). A database record is also called a "row". In a spreadsheet it is always called a "row". Some programming languages use the term to mean a type composed of fields of several other types (C calls this a "struct").

In all these cases, a record represents an entity with certain field values.

Fields may be of a fixed width (bits or characters) or they may be separated by a delimiter character, often comma (CSV) or HT (TSV).

In a database the list of values of a given field from all records is called a column.

(01 Jul 2002)

1. To recall to mind; to recollect; to remember; to meditate. "I it you record."

2. To repeat; to recite; to sing or play. "They longed to see the day, to hear the lark Record her hymns, and chant her carols blest." (Fairfax)

3. To preserve the memory of, by committing to writing, to printing, to inscription, or the like; to make note of; to write or enter in a book or on parchment, for the purpose of preserving authentic evidence of; to register; to enroll; as, to record the proceedings of a court; to record historical events. "Those things that are recorded of him . . . Are written in the chronicles of the kings." (1 Esd. I. 42) To record a deed, mortgage, lease, etc, to have a copy of the same entered in the records of the office designated by law, for the information of the public.

Origin: OE. Recorden to repeat, remind, F. Recorder, fr. L. Recordari to remember; pref. Re- re- + cor, cordis, the heart or mind. See Cordial, Heart.

(01 Mar 1998)