retinopapillitis of premature infants -->
retinopathy of prematurity
medical dictionary

<ophthalmology, paediatrics> A bilateral retinopathy occurring in premature infants treated with excessively high concentrations of oxygen, characterised by vascular dilatation, proliferation, and tortuosity, oedema, and retinal detachment, with ultimate conversion of the retina into a fibrous mass that can be seen as a dense retrolental membrane.

Usually growth of the eye is arrested and may result in microophthalmia, and blindness may occur.

(03 Jul 1999)