1. <botany> An annual composite plant (Carthamus tinctorius), the flowers of which are used as a dyestuff and in making rouge; bastard, or false, saffron.

2. The died flowers of the Carthamus tinctorius.

3. A dyestuff from these flowers. See Safranin . Oil of safflower, a purgative oil expressed from the seeds of the safflower.

Origin: F. Safeur, safior, for safran, influenced by fleur flower. See Saffron, and Flower.

(01 Mar 1998)

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