somatostatinmedical dictionary

<protein>

Gastrointestinal and hypothalmic peptide hormone (two forms: 14 and 28 residues), found in gastric mucosa, pancreatic islets, nerves of the gastrointestinal tract, in posterior pituitary and in the central nervous system. Inhibits gastric secretion and motility: in hypothalamus/pituitary inhibits somatotropin release.

This entry appears with permission from the Dictionary of Cell and Molecular Biology

(11 Mar 2008)