tracheo-oesophageal fistulamedical dictionary

<embryology> A congenital anomaly where the upper oesophagus ends (atresia) and does not connect with the stomach and the lower oesophagus connects to the trachea (tracheo-oesophageal fistula). A common complication seen shortly after birth is an aspiration pneumonia. Infants will demonstrate excessive salivation, gagging and coughing with feeding, poor feeding and a bluish discolouration to the skin (cyanosis). Treatment involves the surgical repair of the oesophagus before the child can take anything by mouth.

Type: Frequency, Description

A: 10%, oesoph atresia without fistula

B: 1%, oesoph atresia with upper fistula

C: 80%, oesoph atresia with LOWER fistula

D: 2%, K type: atresia with upper and lower fistulae

E: 7%, H type

See also: VATER syndrome

American spelling: tracheoesophageal fistula

(12 Mar 2009)